To escape repression by the Russian army, large numbers of Karachays migrate to Turkey. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/18/98 & 9/22/98), Work on filling in radioactive Lake Karachay, was suspended due to lack of funds. The Congress of the Moslems of Karachay calls for a return of Karachay autonomy. (British Broadcasting Corporation 5/25/99), The Supreme Court of Karachay-Cherkessia found that the 16th May elections for head of the republic were valid and their results stand. (British Broadcasting Corporation 8/31/99 &9/1/99), Seventeen supporters of General Semenov were hospitalized after a brawl with Derev supporters broke out at an intersection. The election commission walked out of the decision making process, after only some of the commissioners felt the election was fair. Cossacks in Karachay-Cherkess announce that they are mobilizing a militia as a self-defense measure against armed gangs of Ingush, Kabardins, and Karachays. 8. (Jamestown Foundation. “Contamination ... but ten years before … (British Broadcasting Corporation 8/27/99) Supporters of mayor of Cherkessk Stanislav Derev, while holding a rally in the center of the Karachay-Cherkess capital, announced the formation of a government of autonomous Cherkessia. (British Broadcasting Corporation 7/23/99) Boris Yeltsin appointed a new person to be head of Karachay-Cherkessia while the election results were still being disputed. ), © 2004 - 2021 Minorities At Risk Project. Sign Up Now! Geological aspects of the nuclear waste disposal problem. [There was no indication that the Karachay were involved in the debate.] Lake Karachay was a small lake in the southern Ural mountains in central Russia. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/16/99) Cherkess and Abaza deputies refused to participate in the session of the people's assembly of Karachay-Cherkessia - only 43 deputies of the Karachay, Russian and some other nationalities made the quorum. The law guaranteed the observance of the constitutional rights and liberties of the individual and citizen, regardless of fluency or non-fluency in any of the listed state languages. Karachay and Russian officials meet and reach an agreement to diffuse political and ethnic tensions in the republic, in part by scheduling elections to local and republic-level representative bodies. About 10,000 families evacuated from the contaminated area were still living in makeshift houses built 30 years before, and radiation levels at Karachay lake were as high as 120m curies. Swimming in these waters can cost someone their life in an hour. (British Broadcasting Corporation 10/6/99) The formal approval of the prime minister, deputy prime minister and other ministers nominated by the head of the republic, by the People's Assembly of Karachay-Cherkessia was aborted when the legislature did not achieve a quorum. The Russian Supreme Court had ruled that Semenov's election as head of Karachay -Cherkessia was lawful. At the Lake Karachay, another smaller incident occurred with release of mixed fission products in April 1967 that formed the Karachay Trace over an area of 1,800 km 2 (Peremyslova et al. In November 1994, officials from the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy stated that Soviet officials initiated a process following the 1957 Kyshtym disaster resulting in the transfer of 3 billion curies of high level nuclear waste into deep wells at three other sites. Page 3. (British Broadcasting Corporation 10/22/99 & 10/23/99) After meeting with both Semenov and Derev, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, reached a compromise in which Derev promised to end the protests in exchange for a referendum on Semenov's rule to be held on October 22, 2000. (British Broadcasting Corporation 10/19/99 & 10/20/99) The Russian Supreme Court confirmed the decision of the Supreme Court of Karachay- Cherkessia, recognizing the validity of the 16th May elections. The Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy announced plans to build a new fast breeder reactor to evaporate the contaminated water of Lake Karachay, after which sludge wastes from the lake would be buried. That year’s abnormally warm summer saw the shallow lake begin to dry up, exposing the contaminated lake sediment, which blew into the atmosphere, spreading strontium over an area approximately 1,800 sq.km. President Yeltsin confirms Vladimir Khubiyev as head of the Karachay-Cherkess republic, a position he has occupied since January 1933. In fact, one nuclear expert has suggested that no nation on Earth has ever had to manage a site as hazardous Karachay before. Zaudin Khunov, who has resigned as a deputy speaker of the People's Assembly, was elected as head of the new parliament. A storage facility for liquid nuclear waste was added around 1953.  Workers at the plutonium plant were also affected. The groups wanted to speed up the passage of the law and set a date for the elections. Russia had still not yet recalled its 'temporary' head of government. The rally participants said that the situation was turning into an interethnic problem because Stanislav Derev is an ethnic Cherkess and Vladimir Semenov and Magomed Kaitov are ethnic Karachays. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/7/99) The homes of three men were attacked with bombs or fire. Some of them came from Karachay villages. Kaitov was freed by staff from the local department of the Federal Security Service who had been informed about the incident by the envoy's people. 8:23. with a population of 400,000.  A decades-long monitoring program for underground water was expected to be implemented shortly after.. 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