These are 16 Fun Facts About Malacca, Malaysia.  IMB reported only 10 attacks by pirates in the Straits of Malacca in the third quarter of 2005, a sharp drop from 25 in the same period in 2004. Malacca was founded by Parameswara, the last king of Singapura who ruled from 1389 to 1398, and then fled after an invasion in 1398. Initial fears within the maritime community that the declaration could result in dramatically higher insurance costs for the many thousands of ships that transit the straits on an annual basis have proven valid. The Federation of ASEAN Shipowners' Association described the decision as "misguided". ), … The speed with which the EIS was implemented underlined the seriousness of the littoral states to combat piracy and trans-national criminal activities in the Straits region. Assuming that tankers and bulk carriers exceeding 100,000 deadweight tonnage (DWT) detour through the deep-water Lombok Strait and that all other smaller transiting ships use the more proximate but shallower Sunda Strait, a week-long closure of the Strait of Malacca would result in an estimated $64.5 million in additional shipping costs. It links the Andaman Sea and the Java Sea. Early traders from Arabia, Africa, Persia, and the Southern Indian kingdoms reached Kedah before arriving at Guangzhou. It is therefore not surprising that security in the Straits is a matter of grave concern among the littoral states and internationally. This translates into around US$12,500 for the base war-risk premium for a small 1,100 TEU container feeder vessel and US$2,500 for each passage through the Straits. The Straits’ long and narrow coastline provides physical features conducive to the proliferation of such activities. In fact, the recorded attacks in the Straits represented less than 0.001% of its total traffic volume . In the case of a VLCC (very large crude carrier or 'supertanker'), this would rise to about US$63,000 for the base premium and US$12,600 for each transit . Furthermore, a large portion of the world’s shipping routes use the Strait of Malacca. Fear mongers are always short on facts but strong on fear. Over time, initiatives such as the Eyes in the Sky, joint patrols and other enhanced security measures announced by the littoral states should serve to improve security in the Straits further and mitigate the perceived threat. Shipowners in the region have been up in arms ever since JWC’s declaration opened the door to insurers placing a war risk assessment on vessels navigating the Straits to charge additional war risk insurance premiums. • The ‘Eyes in the Sky’ (EIS) initiative, a maritime air operation for surveillance over the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. It also did not take into consideration the efforts undertaken by the littoral states to improve security in the Straits before and since 9-11. See ‘Pirate attacks in Malacca Strait at six-year low’, The Straits Times, 9 November 2005, p. 12. The trilateral initiative, launched in July 2004, is a joint special task force by the littoral states to safeguard the Straits and provide effective policing along the waterway. Regional economic powerhouses such as China, Japan and Korea view security in the Straits, through which much of its trade and oil imports flow, from a strategic standpoint.  IMB attributed the reduction in the number of attacks on the increased patrols in the Straits of Malacca by the navies of the littoral states. 10. Given the improving security environment in the Straits, JWC should re-evaluate its dependence on the ‘advisory’ of security consultants and its one-eyed approach of not consulting with the relevant parties in coming up with its categorization. He can be contacted at email@example.com This article was written for Japan Focus. Malacca, Strait of (məläk`ə), c.500 mi (800 km) long and from c.30 to 200 mi (50–320 km) wide, between Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula.Linking the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea, it is one of the world's most important sea passages. The littoral states will continue to face a plethora of challenges, existing and emerging, to manage the Straits in the years ahead. The recent IMB figures showing dramatic reduction of piracy attacks in the Straits vindicate the efforts undertaken to boost security in the waterway. But it has also affirmed that the Straits of Malacca would remain on the list until it was clear that the measures planned by government and other agencies in the area had been implemented and were effective. Most of the time, it is between 50 kilometres (31 mi) and 300 kilometres (190 mi) wide. These include agreement on information exchange and establishment of communication procedures, treaty of mutual assistance in criminal matters and regional forum framework on measures against terrorism, counter-terrorism and transnational crime. Japan has provided significant funding and resources to install and maintain navigational flow in the Straits, as well as pollution preventive measures.Despite the negative publicity given to the security situation in the Straits due to pirate attacks and heightened threat perception post 9-11, few attacks have occurred in the area. 2. An increasing number of insurers has begun charging additional war risk premiums for vessels using the Straits since the declaration. Narrow but more than 900 kilometers (550 miles) long, it is a strategic waterway and vital shipping lane, carrying more ships everyday than the Panama and Suez Canals combined. The high expectations from international users and the ever-burgeoning traffic in the Straits have combined to exert considerable pressure on the littoral states to provide the maritime infrastructure to ensure security and navigation safety in the waterway. Not only does it act as an important economic passageway transporting the bulk of the world’s oil supply and cargos, but it is also an important source of livelihood, food, recreation and transportation for the littoral states consisting of Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore. Apr 27, 2019 - Explore Tanveerali's board "Strait of malacca" on Pinterest. It is crucial at this juncture to separate piracy  from terrorism . While it is not realistic to expect zero-piracy in the huge area of the Straits, the recent drastic drop in piracy attacks in to the Straits reveals the positive results of the intense efforts undertaken by the littoral states. JWC has maintained that it has done no more than publish a list of areas considered at high risk of war or war-related perils on the basis of advice received from its consultants. The ministers expressed their regret that the decision was taken without their consultation and failed to take into account their existing efforts to deal with the threats to safety and security in the Straits. LRITS will allow ships to identify each other's registration and the type of cargo being carried. Where Is the Strait of Malacca? They include: • The formation of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency, a Coast Guard-type organization providing sea-going maritime constabulary services to assure the safety of vessels transiting Malaysian waters.  Article 101 of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982 defines ‘piracy’ as consisting of any of the following acts: (a) any illegal acts of violence or detention, or any act of depredation, committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft, and directed: (i) on the high seas, against another ship or aircraft, or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft; (ii) against a ship, aircraft, persons or property in a place outside the jurisdiction of any State; (b) any act of voluntary participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft; (c) any act of inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described in subparagraph (a) or (b). This evaluation was made without broad consultation with security experts and failed to distinguish clearly between piracy and terrorism. The Strait of Malacca's geography makes the region very susceptible to piracy. An IALA Seminar on IWRAP Mk II is planned for April 20-24 in Kuala Lumpur. The vulnerability of the Straits’ environment and the need to protect it have long been recognized by the international community. It is hence crucial that stakeholders of the Straits find convergence in their dissimilarities and divergent interests towards protecting it. Malacca can be access by road only. The Strait of Malacca is also an important transit route for liquefied natural gas (LNG) from Persian Gulf and African suppliers, particularly Qatar , to East Asian countries with growing LNG demand. During the seminar, a case study of the Malacca strait will be performed. In 2005, several attacks were foiled by the Malaysian Marine Police, in one case leading to the prosecution of the perpetrators.In addition, several regional initiatives have sought to boost security. They traded glassware, camphor, cotton goods, brocades, ivory, sandalwood, perfume, and precious stones. The Strait of Malacca is a marine strait. This forces owners to review carefully their insurance covers. It has denied asking insurers to charge higher war risk premiums for ships transiting the Straits of Malacca. This is statistical confirmation of the low probability of pirate attack in the Straits. The Straits is a sea lane of immense strategic, political and economic importance not only to the littoral states but also to the international community. In an August 2005 joint communique, the foreign ministers of these states urged the committee to "review its risk assessment accordingly". It is a vital artery linking the region’s economy with the rest of the world. Naturally, the differences in interests have given rise to some disparity in perception and emphasis towards the security threats facing the Straits, and the approaches and responses to confront them. The 11 September 2001 attacks on US commercial, political and military interests have spurred the maritime sector everywhere to reassess its vulnerabilities against potential acts of hostility and sabotage. 3 The areas specified included the Straits of Malacca and adjacent ports in Indonesia. The burden of maintaining security in the Straits International users consider the Straits an international sea lane, which they have the right to use, as provided for in Part III of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982 on transit passage of straits used for international navigation. The intense concentration in cargo traffic in the Straits has spawned a complex web of hub and feeder shipping networks within the region and with the rest of the world. Given this, labeling the Straits an unsafe waterway that belongs in the same bracket as the waters of Somalia, Iraq and Lebanon, as categorized by JWC’s list, seems unwarranted. Commencing in September 2005, it features the conduct of combined maritime air patrol by the armed forces and maritime enforcement agencies of the littoral and invited international participating nations. It is a vital artery linking the region’s economy with the rest of the world. Each EIS flight will involve a Combined Mission Patrol Team on board, a Mission Commander in charge of the safe conduct of the mission and the after-flight report, and observers from each participating nation. Aerial footage of Kuala Lumpur city and Malacca Strait - Duration: 1:18. Malacca has area coverage about 1668km square with 790,136 population become the second smallest states in Malaysia after Perlis. Linking the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea, it is one of the world's most important sea passages. The connection of these countries has had a major impact on their shipping companies. They will have their work cut out for them to assure safe passageway in the waterway while balancing their own national and regional interests with those of the international community. See more ideas about beautiful mosques, mosque, islamic architecture. Such keen attention is underlined by US hints that it might send its naval forces to unilaterally patrol the Straits should it feel that the littoral states were not up to the task. The term carries different meaning to different people. Total population by Ethnic group Malays 64.12%, Chinese 25.25%, Indian 6%, Others 0.48% and non citizen 4.15%. The Conclusions we can reach on the Strait of Malacca current and future importance will entirely depend on the continuation of many factors. The Strait of Magellan, also known as Straits of Magellan, or the Magellan Strait, is a navigable waterway in South America which separates the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego from the continental mainland, and connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. In the event of US-China conflict, for example, it is foreseen that the Straits would become a major theater for their power projection, with US efforts to deny China access to Middle East oil by controlling the Straits. It includes Johore Strait ( q.v. The International Maritime Bureau (IMB)  reported that attacks attributed to pirates in the Straits of Malacca fell from 38 in 2004 to 12 in 2005 . Melaka Straits Mosque. Malacca, Strait of məläk´ə , c.500 mi (800 km) long and from c.30 to 200 mi (50–320 km) wide, between Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. At its narrowest point, it is only 1.5 nautical miles (2.8 km; 1.7 mi) wide. Strait of Magellan Facts. Such negative perception needs to be put straight in light of the achievements of the littoral states in bringing about a marked decline in piracy incidents and improving the general level of security in the Straits. All about Indian Navy. Rulers relied on the region's pirates to maintain control. P. Mukundan, the Director of IMB, merely “maritime muggings” involving small boats with fast outboard motors for opportunistic attacks on prosperous-looking vessels . THE STRAITS OF MALACCA AND SINGAPORE SAFE PASSAGE 6 THE STRAITS OF MALACCA AND SINGAPORE 7 The SOMS are in places narrow and busy, where a large number of vessels transit daily, carrying about one-third of the world’s traded goods. 1. Mukundan admitted in a recent seminar on piracy that the Straits was “not a hotspot anymore”, and held that there was no reason for JWC to continue to include the area in its ‘war risk zone’ list . This article offers an holistic perspective on security in the Straits of Malacca. 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