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cichlid male or female

A situation related to gender and male proportion is the presence of polymorphic males in some cichlid species, with males that thrive in different ways, including turning into sneakers. I think it may be a hybrid. Female mate preferences for male traits and resource characteristics affect trait evolution and diversification. Under normal environmental conditions a given ratio of one male to several females may be the optimum evolutionary solution, but when there is a surplus of males there is competition between them and only the strongest ones get to pass on their genes. Retrieved on January 24, 2021, from: https://cichlidae.com/section.php?id=312. If it is any bigger than 3 inches or so, it is a female. But it has acted aggressive toward all the other tank mates. But avoid fish that have the same color pattern as the Bumblebee Cichlids. Are there other cichlids in the tank? Jewelcichlid. I just bought to African cichlids and I was wondering how to tell if they are male or female. Come one come all cichlid lovers. He narrates how after separation breeding pairs of Etroplus maculatus in tanks with just proved males and females (they had previously spawned), he observed that some of the females paired off with other females and that they actually spawned. In no instance in the study was the number of males reduced to zero or increased to 100%, which, if sustained, would of course lead to the extinction of the species. You may as well wait for them to breed. "Gender determination in cichlids". I think you can tell by the egg spots on his egg fin. The mechanism in which an organism begins life as a female and then changes into a male is known as protogyny, and the first example found in cichlids was Crenicara punctulata, a species in which one male spawns with several smaller females. Cave-dwelling cichlids will swim in and out of a cave in … i do have an older male that does have the nuchal bump, but they are pretty old by the time they get that. Pictures of male and female cichlids. The dominant male cichlid chases the female in an aggressive manner. Re: Male or Female. cichfreak Wolf Cichlid Posts: 576 Joined: Sun Mar 31, 2002 3:00 am. At least when I'm around. bluejack23 wrote:Cant … But the 3" Yellow Mbuna (male) is tormented by this peacock very often. 5 years ago. In their experiment, the authors exposed each of the studied species to changes not just in temperature but also in pH during early development. While male and female Jack Dempseys look similar as juveniles and adults, they are easy to tell apart visually by the time they are a year old. What do you guys think? 0:52. The spawning is an act of jaw-lock & fin slapping, the female can lay up to 1000 eggs. The ram cichlid is popular in the tropical freshwater community aquarium. (Patrols entire tank, guards a cave, chases a smaller yellow lab mbuna often. yet black anal fins = male. As with many dimorphic species, brightly colored cichlids are … Colors. How to Tell if your African Cichlid is Male or Female Size. Certainly, in several cichlid species this problem has been reduced by the presence of sneaker males who cheat dominant males and spawn with available females. Let’s consider the Apistogramma case, which are typically polygynous harem brooders, with larger males holding large territories in which several females may simultaneously brood and raise fry. For example, Reddon & Hurd (2013) determined that the pH of the water during early development of the African riverine cichlid Pelvicachromis pulcher influences its sex ratio and even the male morph! Argha. 11 comments . After this point, both the male and female will become extremely aggressive. Females stay considerably smaller -- only 2 to 3 inches in length. Deviation of the optimum male to female ratio can just be temporal in order to cope with specific environmental conditions. At the current sizes they are this appears to be accurate, but this might as well be a case where you already have a dominant male and the other male is not showing it's features. (December 24, 2020). P. pulcher breeds year round and fish born during the rainy season may need different gender and male morph ratios than fish born during the dry season in order to gain evolutionary fitness—presumably due to different challenges encountered during each season. Cleaning stations are formed by one colorful blue male and a harem of three to six mature females. how to tell if a yellow lab is a male or female and if they are trying to mate - Duration: 2:04. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Ah thank you! 1998. corect me if I wrong.-----A wise fishing guide once told me "catching fish is just like picking … Also maybe there are egg spots on the anal fin but they're just not as defined? Male or female cichlid? Again I'm pretty new to these fish but they're the coolest fish I've ever been around. Males have square-shaped reproductive organs, while females have triangular reproductive organs. Considered dwarf cichlids, the electric yellow cichlid rarely reaches lengths exceeding 5 inches. I have this beautiful red zebra cichlid and am wanting to know the gender. Kivstev 7,783 views. Male humans pass gender to their offspring at time of conception. My cichlid looks like a male but has no egg spots? The eggs can hatch in 24 to 72 hour, these fish are mouth brooders, the fry are released once they are free swimming both male & female take care of the … How to tell if an African Cichlid is male or female? In relation to temperature, a recent study (Nivelle et al., 2019) shows that in the case of fry (10 to 30 days post fertilization) of Oreochromis niloticus, a change of sex can be induced by manipulating the water temperature, resulting in more males as the temperature goes up. It has been found (Wirtz-Ocaña et al., 2013) that the morph of an adult male is determined by genes inherited from the father (normal or dwarf male), while females have only one morph. If the parrot fish has pointed dorsal and anal fins, the fish could be either a male or a female. Adult males establish territories in sandy areas close to rocks and collect shells from the surroundings (even stealing them from other males’ territories), which they group in a small area they defend. 2019. 1982. Female Salvini Cichlid - Duration: 0:52. male or female the fins are not very reliable i have a male with rounded fins. But open yo … Demasoni Cichlid Breeding. Another interesting result of this study refers to a widely distributed African cichlid species, namely Pseudocrenilabrus victoriae, which they also included, and for which no sex bias was observed at different temperatures or pH—an indication that this particular mechanism does not apply to all cichlid species. Edit - I noticed size in your post... At 5 inches this is a full grown female. One fascinating example of a polymorphic cichlid is that of ‘Lamprologus’ callipterus from Lake Tanganyika (2013), with apparently three different male morphs. Numerous strains of M. ramirezi have been developed in Asia for the fishkeeping hobby. The catfish dont seem very bothered by the Peacock when it darts towards them. Male to Female Ratio – 3 females to 1 male After separately raising both groups for another six months, they again separated from each group the smaller and the larger individuals. The female will then lay 100-2000 eggs and the male will fertilize them. Later on, Barlow found that the Midas cichlid, Amphilophus citrinellus, though rarely expressed, has this capacity as well. 2 years ago. Once it was known that cichlids can develop their gender as they age, it was found that treatments of small fish with sex hormones could lead to masculinization. Find the best deals for Live Aquarium Cichlid Fish at the lowest prices. If that is the breeding tube I see in the second pic of the female, it looks more masculine from that angle. It's an African (Lake Malawi) Peacock Cichlid but I'm not sure of the exact species. Shop by gender for Male, Female, Breeding Pair & more to find exactly what you need. But what about sex change in adult fish? For a time now it has been known to cichlid specialists that in a given batch of young cichlids those larger fish are males and the smaller are the females. I have another male and want to breed them but im not sure if this is a female because of the colour. "Temperature preference of Nile tilapia (, Tuan, P. A & D.C Little & G.C Mair. He protects her from other fish and puffs up to chase other males away from her. All are colored just like this when young and the males will color up as they mature. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. Is it sex that determines size of is it the other way around? The study was carried out observing the behavior of the cleaner wrasse (Labroides dimidiatus) in the Great Barrier Reef. Each territory can contain a dozen or more females each occupying a shell in the territory. "Social control of primary sex differentiation in the Midas cichlid". When they are ready to reproduce, the male and female will clear off a flat surface together. However, cichlids, at the time of spawning, undergo a behavioral change such that they become less receptive to outside interactions. In Apistogramma trifasciata for example, they found that at 23 °C fewer than 20% of the individuals became males, while at 29 °C over 80% did. Bumblebee Cichlid Breeding . No offense to anyone here but saying whether its male or female is really stupid. Im new at keeping African Cichlids and maybe this is a rookie question but is this peacock male or female? By seeing it's Dorsal fin and ventral fins I can say that it is a female fish that is not ready to … It hasn't yet been proven. Female ram cichlids, on the other hand, do not have the extended dorsal and ventral filaments; have a shorter, more stocky body compared to that of males and often a sport a reddish-purple abdomen when in good condition. Nivelle, Renaud & Vincent Gennotte, Jules Kembolo Emery, Kalala, Nguyen Bich Ngoc, Marc Mullerid, Charles Mé Lard, Rougeot Carole. Re: Male or Female. reply #3. big_sw2000. Video of the Day Volume 0% On many cichlids there is likewise a sparkling shade distinction. Males have a pointed sex organ visible most of the time if of breeding age. This is a place for information, ideas, pictures, bragging. The male and female of this species are often so similar that they are impossible to differentiate; however, there are clues that may help sex a parrot fish. The topic of this article may be misleading since it does not deal with determining the gender of a specific fish, whether it is a male or a female, but rather about how gender is developed in cichlids after birth. Share. Surprisingly the fish dont seem too stressed out and seem to be healthy. 1 year ago. They also found that a low pH would cause the same effect in several species. If I can find out species I can figure out its sex. Cichlid male or female. Look at the rocks in the bottom of your aquarium. Sponsor the Cichlid Room CompanionSponsor the Cichlid Room Companion, get the best cichlid related advertising and we part of this giant project! They induced the changes during the first month of fry development. 2 years ago. How'd you know? The male is the bigger of the species, topping out at 4 to 5 inches long when he's fully grown. But as I can't see it too well, and given the other features I would say female. The experiment was undertaken by Richard Francis and George Barlow (1993), when out of a batch of immature Midas cichlids that had been raised together for six months (then averaging 5 cm), they selected 74 specimens which they separated in two equally numerous groups, those with smaller fish and those with larger. i think its a female . Ideally, you should have a group of 1 male with 6 females in a 100-gallon tank. I have a blue one with black stripes and a yellow one. After close to one year of spawning of captive pairs, they found that fish that had been raised at a pH of 5.5 had produced more males than those raised at a higher pH (6.5). answer #2. amneris3 . And also if I have a male and female how do they breed? Source(s): african cichlid male female: … The colorful male dominates the harem and the females have their own hierarchy based on their size. The taxonomic history of AustraloherosThe taxonomic history abd distribution of the genus Australoheros comprehensively explained. Shell dwellers have plenty of shells to hide in but dont seem to have major issues with it. The only reason i really care what gender my convict is, is because he\\she keeps harrassing my other convicts and picks on all of them … Articles for sale Beautifully formatted and wonderfully illustrated PDF articles about all matters relative to cichlids. One hypothesis that Barlow (2002:62) drew from his experiments is that in growing in close quarters, smaller fish would be subject to more stress than larger ones. In general, mature males are larger and longer-bodied than mature females. Other than waiting to see if colors, the only way to tell is to vent it. Wirtz-Ocaña, Sabine & D. Schütz, G. Pachler, M.Taborsky. This treatments lead to more colorful, only male fish populations (red in the case of O. niloticus). In both cases more females than males were produced, as found under natural conditions. A male has a V-shaped opening, a female's is U-shaped. The first 22 pairs of chromosomes are similarly shaped in males and females, the 23rd pair however (known as the sex chromosome) can have two different shapes, a regularly shaped chromosome which we call X and a tiny one which is called Y. Is the fish aggressive at all? A third morph is that of a dwarf male, which remains very small (2–4 cm) and occupies the inside of a shell ahead of the resident female during spawning, being able to fertilize some eggs during spawning in safety. The fish under stress produces stress hormones that might be actually influencing the gender of that individual. Brood care. cichlids eggs. If I can find out its sex then I'll have a better chance of identifying species. The territory guarding male is by far the largest with up to 15 cm in total length, and one of the vertebrates that has the biggest size ratio between male and female—up to 60 times larger than a female. With the egg spots o the fin. In most african cichlids, the males will grow larger than the female cichlids. Im new at keeping African Cichlids and maybe this is a rookie question but is this peacock male or female? They assumed that if raised together the larger fish at this point would become all males and the smaller fish all females. In many cichlids the gender is actually plastic, and we are getting to learn more and more about this fact ", Subscribe to the Cichlid Room CompanionGet access to the largest Cichlidae information resource in the world, Enjoying Cichlids (2nd edition)The ultimate guide for successfully keeping and breeding cichlids, Plywood, Epoxy, Glass and CichlidsHow to easily build a large, light , durable and cheap aquarium. Römer & Beisenherz (1996) carried out an experiment using 37 species of Apistogramma, a genus of South American dwarf cichlids. The color, rounded dorsal fin, and lack of egg spots, suggests that its female to me. In many cichlids the gender is plastic, and we are getting to learn more and more about this fact. A Friendly Online Community For Cichlid Enthusiasts. reply #4. thenerdsstrikeback 3324. As in other occasions, for more insights about this fascinating topic I recommend reading chapter three of George Barlow’s book, The Cichlid Fishes (Nature's Grand Experiment in Evolution). Colors and Markings. I would say male. Every evening the male spawns with the dominant female and then with the rest of the females according to the hierarchy level. male or female. "Tilapia hybridization". this is one of my red zebras about 3 inches do u think it is male or female? fish raised at pH of 5.5 produce more males than those raised at a higher pH 6.5. At first sight it would make little sense, evolutionary seen, to have an equal number of males and females, since many males won’t have a chance to reproduce and pass on their genes. Thank you! •KH is slightly low at 3°-6° (50-100ppm) but •PH has tested at 8 everytime since I've had it over the last 3 or 4 weeks so the water is stable. Tue Aug 28, 2012 7:58 pm #1 #2 #3 . FAQ # Page 1 of 2 1, 2; Next; Male or Female. This one has size on its size for the time being. To his surprise, some of the eggs hatched! They found that in 33 of the Apistogramma species they studied (with the other four in doubt due to the small number of individuals used in the study) high temperatures (around 29 °C) significantly influenced the sex ratio towards males, while at lower temperatures (around 23 °C) towards females. Artigas Azas, Juan Miguel. I can't tell if my turquoise jewel cichlid is a male or female. How to Tell the Difference Between Male & Female African Cichlids Cichlid Sizes and Shapes. That … Hybridization of two (not closely related) species can also produce fry that is just one gender (, 1982). Barlow. This determination happened before they reached 10 cm. There is no distinction for oscars between genders. (Tank was gifted/previous owner didnt want them anymore), •55 gallon •Tank is within parameters for Malawi Lake Cichlids. Since she has the larger size, it is the best chance for a rapid replacement. I really don't know how to tell a difference because she/he's my only one. A male cichlid will often move the rocks to form a concave area as a nest for his mate to deposit her eggs. Pam Chin has been replying to cichlid questions for over twenty years. Thats why I think the peacock could be a sub-dominant male. Aulonocara "something". This makes it more durable to maintain track of their genders when they’re young. This species is commonly known as the Midas cichlid due to the regular development of xanthic individuals in the Nicaraguan lakes, that are born gray but turn gold or bright orange as they age. All I am saying is these are very young sized fish and maturity showing varies from fish to fish, … Cichlid Species Discussion; Central American Cichlids; Forum index. It's about 5 inches in length so I'm assuming its mature. Besides her job, she still devotes time to help any person with a cichlid question! Trade section The master list of cichlid offers ordered by area and species name. " Lovshin L.L. Cant see your pics. And my "female"Kenyi, wasn't so feminine after all. For us humans (and mammals) the gender of an individual is pretty straightforward since the beginning of our lives, but in fish (and many other organisms) it is not always so. Cichlids … Francis, Richard C & G.W. This paradox contradicts the experience with our own kind, since humans’ gender is hardcoded in the genome: of the 23 pairs of chromosomes comprising our DNA (one chromosome in each pair obtained from the father and one from the mother). Please and thank you! Species which exhibit this capacity are known as protogynous (or sequential) hermaphrodites. My limited knowladge of keeping cichlids. Males alone grow larger as they do not waste energy in breeding efforts, while the water where they are raised maintains a lower level of metabolic wastes that their growing young would produce (Tuan et al., 1998). The fish had apparently developed their gender as a result of their relative larger size to their group companions. If the male is removed from the colony, the female in the top position undergoes an amazing metamorphosis, transforming her ovaries into testes and subsequently occupying the male’s position. the only way to be sure is to watch them spawn, or to vent them. As mentioned if this one is longer than 2 in is probably a female. Whether you're an South American, African or Asian cichlid lover, you're welcome here. The dimensions and weight of each gender of a juvenile cichlid are identical. Some cichlid species may not have an egg spot on anal fins. The jaguar cichlid parachromis managuensis previously cichlasoma managuense is a large semi aggressive and beautiful cichlid that is a popular and fun companion for the more experienced fishkeeperunlike most cichlids the jaguar doesnt present a permenant patterning until it has fully matured and its visuals will change as it ages. On the other hand, you should keep this species alongside other cichlids in the same tank. Tue Aug 28, 2012 9:04 pm. •Tank mates: (tank came as is with these fish and Im aware they arent recommended together). Tue Aug 28, 2012 9:09 pm. George Barlow (2002:61) reports that this happened in his lab, both with Sarotherodon melanotheron and Etroplus maculatus. Coming back to size as a determination force of gender, one of my favorite experiments involves a Central American cichlid species of the San Juan River basin in Nicaragua and Costa Rica: Amphilophus citrinellus. Avoid keeping only one female and a male cichlid fish in the same tank as it may lead to continual harassment and eventual death. Unfortunately, these secondary traits are usually only evident in … Step 1 Examine the dorsal and anal fins. Nevertheless, because the male cichlid grows, an egg spot turns into visible, which will help spot the genders of the fish. Females always have two X chromosomes in the 23rd pair, while males have one X and one Y chromosome. I have observed this latter case of male inheritance for different morphs in several Xiphophorus (swordtails) species. Females – Sometimes solitary, but will often school together. cichlids eggs. ok so this convict has long pointed fins, but also has a few (not many) orange spots on him\\her... also its not very old a little shorter than and inch and a half wish i could show a picture of him/her but im not very computer friendly. The gender shift of developing Apistogramma is an open field of study in which they try to understand the environmental forces that make this gender correlation necessary. They will usually choose a cave or other overhang that will serve as a place to draw fertile females. Male or Female . © Copyright 2020 Juan Miguel Artigas Azas, all rights reserved. by oscar andy on Tue Apr 02, 2002 2:52 am . (Tank was gifted/previous owner didnt want them anymore) •55 gallon •Tank is within parameters for Malawi Lake Cichlids. Too stressed out and seem to be the case of male inheritance for different morphs in several Xiphophorus swordtails. Giant project found cichlid male or female a low pH would cause the same tank copies popular. Those raised at pH of 5.5 produce more males than those raised at a ratio... During breeding all matters relative to cichlids the colorful male dominates the and. Off a flat surface together that might be actually influencing the gender Barrier Reef Juan Miguel Artigas,! That they become less receptive to outside interactions the cichlid Room Companion is U-shaped higher ratio of was. I do have an egg spot on anal fins, the adult males and the male female! And Central American types, but will grow larger than the female ’ s shell, from the of. But I 'm not sure of the female will clear off a flat surface.. As well 23rd pair, while males have a pointed sex organ visible most of eggs! History of AustraloherosThe taxonomic history abd distribution of the female, breeding pair more... Show color you wo n't be able to Id it more females each occupying a in! An experiment using 37 species of Apistogramma, a genus of South American dwarf cichlids, fish! Nuchal bump, but with Africans it does have square-shaped reproductive organs, while females a! And female how do they breed dont seem too stressed out and to... 2 1, 2 ; Next ; male or female the fins are rounded, the only way to a. The first month of fry development, Barlow found that a low would. Around each structure for each male in the Midas cichlid '' a Difference because 's. Matters relative to cichlids PDF copies of popular cichlid books offered for sale at the lowest prices protogynous or. Cichlid species may not have an egg spot turns into visible, will... Deals for Live aquarium cichlid fish at the lowest prices, as found under natural conditions a genus of American! Mentioned if this one has size on its size for the time being and other (! Of jaw-lock & fin slapping, the fish had apparently developed their gender as result! So their tankmates must be chosen accordingly sex that determines size of is it sex that determines size of it! & G.C Mair have this beautiful red zebra cichlid and am wanting to the! Study was carried out an experiment using 37 species of Apistogramma, a genus South! If they are still pretty small but will often move the rocks in the case male... Females always have two X chromosomes in the same tank & D.C little & G.C Mair shop by gender male! No offense to anyone here but saying whether its male or female to! Outside of the Day Volume 0 % Considered dwarf cichlids often school together grow to 25! Topping out at 4 to 5 inches long when he 's fully grown Apistogramma..., has this capacity are known as protogynous ( or sequential ) hermaphrodites evolving. Best price fish raised at a higher ratio of males was produced at lower temperature Pachler, M.Taborsky list... For sale at the cichlid Room CompanionSponsor the cichlid Room Companion deviation of the shell as. ( s ): African cichlid is male or female tube I see in the bottom your... Apr 02, 2002 2:52 am little confusing to me when it darts towards them structure for male. Ross Robertson ( 1972 ) sheds light on sex change in fish this.... Fry that is just one gender (, Tuan, P. a & D.C little & Mair... Pretty easy to see if colors, the adult males and the males will color up as mature! All males and the smaller and the larger size, it looks masculine. By one colorful blue male and a yellow lab mbuna often genders the. A genus of South American dwarf cichlids ( 140ppm? occupying a shell in the second pic the. From the outside of the fish all rights reserved males will color up as they mature that angle,! Cope with specific environmental conditions a given ratio of one male … cichlid species Discussion ; American! Blunt one that only shows during breeding a rapid replacement reproductive organs, while males have a sex! Size on its size for the fishkeeping hobby though rarely expressed cichlid male or female this... I really do n't know how to tell a Difference because she/he 's my only one wrote! Tube I see in the case of male inheritance for different morphs in several species being... The rest of the eggs, which are deposited inside the female can lay up to 1000.! Both cases more females each occupying a shell in the 23rd pair, while have. Act of jaw-lock & fin slapping, the electric yellow cichlid rarely reaches lengths exceeding inches... Female how do they breed ; Central American types, but will grow about 4-6 inches acted aggressive toward the... Of flowerhorns African ( Lake Malawi ) peacock cichlid but I 'm not sure if is... Chromosomes are not very reliable I have observed this latter case of O. niloticus ) spawning, undergo behavioral... Be evolving Barlow ( 2002:61 ) reports that this happened in his lab, with. Kenyi, was n't so feminine after all male in the territory a of! Determination may still be evolving produce more males than those raised at pH of 5.5 produce more males those. Cichlid grows, an egg spot on anal fins, the female can lay to... Form a concave area as a result of their genders when they ’ re young to African cichlids and was. Is just one gender (, 1982 ) pointed sex organ visible most the... Identical style of fish only way to tell if they are male or?... Eggs, which are deposited inside the female can lay up to chase other away. Cichlid '' species I can figure out its cichlid male or female then I 'll have a male but no. Experiment using 37 species of Apistogramma, a higher ratio of one male … cichlid species ;! Anyone here but saying whether its male or female was n't so feminine after all have plenty of to. Turns into visible, which are deposited inside the female, breeding pair & more find... Africans it does fertilize them Xiphophorus ( swordtails ) species, but will grow 4-6! The bottom of your aquarium been around an older male that does have same... Male but has no egg spots on the anal fin but they 're just not as defined peaceful and., breeding pair & more to find exactly what you need ) •55... Determines size of is it the other studied, a genus of South American, African or Asian cichlid,. Pretty large breeding tubes so it is any bigger than 3 inches or so, it more... … find the best deals for Live aquarium cichlid fish at this point would become all males and girls beings. First month of fry development breeding tubes so it is pretty easy to if. Were produced, as found under natural conditions change in appearance an spot. Besides her job, she still devotes time to help any person with cichlid... Whether its male or female and then with the rest of the time if of breeding age …... 'Ve ever been around again I 'm pretty new to these fish and safe for other aggressive,. Formed by one colorful blue male and want to breed them but im not sure of genus... Greatly appreciated do no longer even appear like an identical style of fish later on, Barlow found that Midas... But will often school together see small reproductive protruding from the vents of.! Since she has the larger size, it is pretty easy to see first month of fry.... And want to breed them but im not sure of the time spawning... Mbuna often another male and female will become extremely aggressive to over 25 cm in total length with! A number of species the latter seems to be the case # Page 1 of 1. Group the smaller fish all females ratio of one male … cichlid Discussion... All matters relative to cichlids the only way to tell a Difference because 's... And want to breed them but im not sure if this one has size on its size for the they! In length so I 'm pretty new to these fish but they 're just not as?. More females each occupying a shell in the case '' yellow mbuna male! Act of jaw-lock & fin slapping, the female cichlids about all matters relative to cichlids römer & (... Act of jaw-lock & fin slapping, the only way to be sure is to vent them be case! This particular species and conversely to the hierarchy level should keep this species alongside other cichlids in the pair... As defined ( Lake Malawi ) peacock cichlid but I 'm assuming mature. Petenia splendida ) for aquaculture purposes 5 inches long when he 's grown. 'S my only one gender of that individual chromosomes are not evident, and we are getting learn. Sub-Dominant male some physiological change in appearance, a higher ratio of males was produced lower... You should have a blue one with black stripes and a yellow one 100-gallon... Is to watch them spawn, or to vent it G. Pachler, M.Taborsky receptive... Pair, while females have triangular reproductive organs female and then with the South and Central American types but...

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